Country at a glance:
- Capital: Ashgabat
- Size: 491,210 km2
- Population: 5.4 mln (2016)
- United Nations country profile
Turkmenistan and the EU:
The relations between the EU and Central Asia have developed further since the European Council adopted The EU and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership in June 2007. This strategy has strengthened ties in all areas through political dialogue, dialogues on human rights and cooperation programmes.
Funding for development in the country is provided by the EU's Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI). In this context, bilateral cooperation projects focus on economic reforms and privatisation, education and capacity building, good governance and the rule of law, and sustainable energy. EU assistance for 2011-2013 was approximately EUR 39 million, the main focus being on education and legal reforms, the promotion of human rights, and economic and social sector reforms for sustainable development. 2014-2020 EU bilateral assistance will focus on education and vocational training (EUR 37 million for the period 2014-17). The EU and Turkmenistan also cooperate in the framework of the regional approach which includes all five Central Asian republics. Regional cooperation projects focus on education, rule of law, water and environment, border management and the fight against drug-trafficking.
Turkmenistan's initiatives on environment, climate change and water:
Turkmenistan signed and ratified the Paris Agreement.
Turkmenistan identified the conservation and recovery of nature as the main strategic environmental goal of the National Strategy for Economic, Political and Cultural Development of until 2030. The new Water Code is introducing the principles of the Integrated Water Resources Management and the National Strategy on Climate Change of 2012 aims at strengthening legal environmental framework, identification of key issues and adoption of mitigation measures on climate change.