The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) was established in 1991 and provides a range of financial products and services tailored to each client. It operates in more than 36 economies across three continents.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is a multilateral developmental investment bank and international financial institution founded in April 1991.
The EBRD is owned by 65 countries and two EU institutions. Despite its public-sector shareholders, it invests mainly in private enterprises, together with commercial partners.
One of the key Funding channels of EBRD includes the above-mentioned Investment Facility for Central Asia (IFCA) which has central role in supporting EBRD activities in Central Asia. It covers Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and is aimed at promoting investments in the energy, small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) and social sectors. Since 2010, the IFCA and EBRD have had a very strong partnership and in 2016, six agreements worth almost 55 M€ were signed. These grants are used to support EBRD’s investments across the region, mostly in the municipal infrastructure, SME and energy efficiency sectors.
Initially focused on the countries of the former Eastern Bloc, EBRD expanded to support development in more than 30 countries from Central Europe to Central Asia. Besides Europe, member countries of the EBRD are from five continents (North America, Africa, Asia and Australia), with the biggest shareholder being the United States.
In 2015, the EBRD invested a record amount in the Central Asian region. The total investment in 2015 rose by 75% reaching 1,402 M€. Kazakhstan reported the largest total volumes of investment reaching 709 M€ in 2015.
The goal of EBRD is to maximise impact of projects implemented with its financial support. In order to do so the following factors are taken into consideration during the project proposal evaluation stage as well as later at project appraisal stages:
- Access to finance,
- Regional Development,
- Resource efficiency and environment,
EBRD supports projects in a large number of different sectors.
EBRD focus sectors
|Agribusiness||The EBRD is the single biggest investor in this sector in much of the region|
|Equity Funds||The EBRD is the region’s single largest investor in private equity funds.|
|Financial Institutions||Financial institutions channel funds, promote savings, ease trade and establish acceptable standards|
|Information and Communication Technologies||EBRD’s team supports networks, platforms and other service providers in the ICT sector.|
|Legal Reform||EBRD’s programme creates investor-friendly, transparent legal environments|
|Manufacturing and Services||EBRD’s work in this sector covers heavy & light industry and processing & production of goods.|
|Municipal infrastructure||The EBRD seeks to improve municipal services in our countries of operations.|
|Natural Resources||The EBRD finances a range of natural resources industries.|
|Nuclear Safety||The EBRD assists in the safe treatment of waste and power plants.|
|Power and Energy||Focus areas include transmission and distribution, safety upgrades and investing in renewables.|
|Property and Tourism||The EBRD is a key player in the property markets of eastern Europe.|
|Transport||The EBRD aims to build efficient, reliable and secure transport systems.|
According to EBRD their current key topics are:
- Belt and Road Initiative (China)
- Transforming Chernobyl
- Small businesses
- Refugee crisis response.
Environmental and social sustainability is the heart of EBRD activities, also through green economy products which amount to one third of EBRD’s investment.
EBRD’s approach to sustainability involves “Green Economy Transition” and additionally
- incorporating environmental and social requirements into the appraisal and implementation of all Bank-funded projects based on European Union standards and international good practice
- providing finance and technical assistance specifically aimed at addressing environmental and social issues
- promoting economic inclusion and access to community services such as water and public transport
- supporting projects that promote gender equality
- encouraging public participation through pre-investment consultation and information disclosure, and maintaining regular strategic dialogue with civil society organisations and other stakeholders.
EBRD financing for private sector projects generally ranges from M€ 5 to M€ 200, in the form of loans or equity. The average EBRD investment is M€ 20. Smaller projects may be financed through financial intermediaries or through special programmes for smaller direct investments in the less advanced countries. The key three types of direct financial support provided by EBRD are:
- Equity Investments
- Guarantees to promote trade
EBRD Kazakhstan contacts: http://www.ebrd.com/kazakhstan.html
Almaty Resident Office, 41 Kazybek Bi street, Park Palace Business Centre, 3-rd Entrance, 3-rd Floor, 050010, Almaty. Tel: +7 727 332 00 00, fax: +7 727 258 14 22
Astana Resident Office, “SAAD” BC, 10th Floor, 2 Dostyk street, Yesil district, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan. Tel. +7 7172 554246, fax: +7 7172 554245
EBRD Kyrgyz Republic contacts: http://www.ebrd.com/kyrgyz-republic.html
Bishkek Resident Office, Business Centre Orion, 21 Erkindik Boulevard, 4th Floor, 720040 Bishkek Kyrgyz Republic. Tel: +996 312 624 016, 624 017
Karakol office, 122 Gebze Str, 2nd floor, 722200 Karakol, Kyrgyz Republic. Tel: +996 3922 52050, fax: +996 3922 52060
Osh office, Osh-Nuru Hotel, 1 Bayalinov Street, 2nd floor, Office 217, 723500 Osh, Kyrgyz Republic Tel: +996 3222 21139, fax: +996 3222 57947
EBRD Tajikistan contacts: http://www.ebrd.com/tajikistan.html
Dushanbe Resident Office, 34 Rudaki avenue, TCELL Plaza, 12 floor, 734025 Dushanbe, Tajikistan Tel: +992 37 2 210763; 2213 543; 2216709; 2216718; 2219832; 2510178; 2512424
EBRD Turkmenistan contacts: http://www.ebrd.com/turkmenistan.html
Ashgabat Resident Office, “Berkarar” Business Center, 13th floor, Suite M3, 82, 1972 street (Ataturk), 744000 Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. Tel: +993 12 46 88 20, fax: +993 12 46 88 26
EBRD Uzbekistan contacts: http://www.ebrd.com/uzbekistan.html
Hyatt Regency Tashkent, “Board Room I”, Navoi St, 1 A, Tashkent, Uzbekistan Tel: +998 71 207 12 34 (reception), direct tel: +998 71 207 12 90