Over 40% of the world’s population lives in transboundary river basins, which account for almost 60% of global freshwater resources. Moreover, nearly one country in six depends on upstream countries for over half of its water supply.
Water is, by nature, a local public good and a resource that crosses borders. This is a source of significant tension in some regions, namely Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia. For this reason, France promotes international conventions that foster dialogue and support transboundary water cooperation initiatives.
Source: Foreign Ministry of France
More information on French policy priorities in the CA region and available types of cooperation can be found of there websites of the French embassies in the respective countries. More information is available here.
The French Facility for Global Environment (FFEM) was created by the French Government in 1994 following the first Earth Summit, to implement sustainable development projects that integrate the preservation of global public goods, international solidarity and innovation in developing and emerging countries.
FFEM promotes innovative solutions in the fields of biodiversity, climate, international waters, land degradation, including deforestation, chemical pollutants and the stratospheric ozone layer.
All FFEM-funded projects are reported as Official Development Assistance.
In 24 years, 314 projects have already been financed, in over 120 countries, including 69% located in Africa and the Mediterranean.
The FFEM's mission is to encourage developing countries to implement strategies and projects of sustainable development in the 6 following areas:
- biodiversity ;
- climate change ;
- international waters ;
- land degradation, including desertification and deforestation ;
- persistent organic pollutants (POPs) ;
- ozone layer.
Projets funded by the FFEM help to implement organisational methods and techniques which have a new and innovative feature.
More information on the projects implemented by FFEM can be found here.