You will probably start the process of project development of one of two positions:
- You may have a specific environmental problem in mind, and be seeking to develop that will address it, or
- You may already have a project in mind, and be seeking to develop it and obtain funding.
Project identification process can be divided into 11 logical steps:
|Project identification process step||Comments|
|Step 1||Define the wider project objectives and justify your project||What is the wider environmental problem that you which to address? This will provide the justification for your specific project, and allow you to consider alternative solutions.|
|Step 2||Define the immediate objectives of your project||What the project is directly intended to achieve?|
|Step 3||Define the project outputs||What measurable results will be achieved by the project?|
|Step 4||Define project inputs||What resources are needed to generate the outputs?|
|Step 5||Set out your assumptions||Unrealistic assumption may result in a poor, risky project.|
|Step 6||Complete a log frame||Apply Logical framework approach for assessment of project idea.|
|Step 7||Make a preliminary estimate of project cost||Preliminary estimate of project cost you should estimate approximate costs of all inputs defined in Step 4.|
|Step 8||Identify the key policy documents||Reflect key regional, national and international policies and strategies in order to justify your project to potential funders.|
|Step 9||Prepare a project description||See the list of elements to be included in the project description, taking into consideration the requirements of the potential funders|
|Step 10||Identify sources of funding||What type of funding is the best for your project? Are you seeking a grant, a loan, equity, or a combination of these? What is the most likely sources for this funding? Will you require a combination of national and international funding?|
|Step 11||Contact potential funders||In practice you will probably have been in contact with the potential finder from early in the project identification stage, in order to understand their funding objectives, priorities, procedures and areas of activity.|
A project description should be brief and concise. The purpose is to “sell” the project idea and get the key people interested.
The project description will
- Be submitted to potential funder
- Serve as the bases fir further, more detailed project preparation
Content of project description
Sources of Project Ideas
Project ideas can be drawn from a number of different sources.
You may already have a clear idea for a project. Most people start with a problem or with something that they want to do. A project is a way of implementing a policy or of solving a problem.
The following are possible sources of project ideas:
- from an analysis of environmental problems and opportunities, a strategy or strategic policy framework has been developed – project ideas may then by invited or generated from a number of agencies, for example, central, regional or municipal government, or non-governmental organisation;
- there may be a need to implement new legislation e.g. in compliance with international agreements;
- there may be a national call or invination for project proposals;
- partly or fully developed ideas may already exist;
- ideas may have been generated in the course of evaluating and implementing earlier projects.
In other cases, you may have identified the problem, but do not know yet how to address it. Common ways of generating project ideas and alternatives are:
- by brain-storming with your organisation;
- by adapting good practice used in other regions or countries to suit local conditions;
- by inviting proposals to solve an identified problem from companies known to have the required experience.
Key sources of project ideas include:
Immediate problems faces
Ideas formulated in national and international documents
Project ideas developed by national agencies but not pursued by them
Ideas of technical experts
Ideas suggested by national policy documents
Ideas suggested in formal governmental project lists
Ideas suggested by NGOs
Ideas developed “in house”