Country at a glance:
- Capital: Dushanbe
- Size: 143,100 km2
- Population: 8.6 mln people (2016)
- United Nations country profile
Tajikistan and the EU:
Currently, political, trade and economic relations, as well as technical and financial cooperation between the EU and Tajikistan are guided by the bilateral 'Partnership and Cooperation Agreement', signed in October 2004 and which entered into force on 1 January 2010, and the 'European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership'.
Poverty reduction as well as a sustainable and inclusive growth remains key challenges in the Central Asia region, and more specifically in Tajikistan, with increasing needs from a growing and young population seeking more and better education and economic opportunities. The EU Delegation in Tajikistan is currently implementing the 2014-2020 Multi-Annual Indicative Programme, which is the basis for EU-Tajik development cooperation.
The European Commission implements cooperation with Tajikistan at centralised, regional, sub-regional and national level, with projects managed from Brussels, Astana, Bishkek and Dushanbe.
Tajikistan's initiatives on environment, climate change and water:
Tajikistan signed the Paris Agreement, and the ratification process is undergoing internal country procedures. Based on the Millennium Development Goals, the country adopted the Sustainable Development Strategy till 2030 and the Mid-term Sustainable Development Strategy till 2020.
Tajikistan approved in 2010 the Action Plan to deliver the objectives of the 2008 Environmental Concept aimed at rational use of natural resources and poverty reduction, ensuring that environmental conditions are favorable to the lives and health of the population. However, Tajikistan faces serious limitations at the implementation stage of these policies. Tajikistan has been selected, together with nine other pilot countries and two pilot regions, to participate in the Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR), which is the largest adaptation fund in the world. The country is tapping USD 47.8 million in grant financing from PPCR.